An important recent decision for minor applicants was made under IPFADA is Ubbi v Ubbi. The facts of this case are a fairly common set of circumstances, where the deceased has a child (or children) with one partner and then marries someone else and has subsequent children or step-children. In this case, the deceased was married and had a disabled child with his wife but went onto have an affair and subsequently two illegitimate children. The deceased left his £3.4m estate to his widow and disabled child.
Who can make an Inheritance Act claim?
There are many different types of claimants under the Inheritance (Provision for Family and Dependants) Act 1975 (IPFADA). Whilst every individual has different circumstances and therefore different prospects under the IPFADA, the common category of claimants are:
What could a minor child recieve through an Inheritance Act claim?
It is now fairly well established that a minor child can meet the threshold for reasonable financial provision under IPFADA – it is irrelevant whether the minor child is illegitimate or not. In this case, it was not in dispute that the applicants were entitled to reasonable financial provision. The question for the Court was to arrive at a suitable award with consideration to authorities and the relevant factors set out under section 3 of IPFADA.
In this case the Court awarded approximately £386,000 to the applicants. The Judge applied the Ogden table (a multiplier used to calculate awards in cases like this) and considered:
- Children’s housing need
- Childcare requirements
- Schooling costs
- The mother’s base income.
These are some of the factors the Court assess in order to calculate the child’s need for reasonable financial provision. These factors are the ‘need’ for financial. There must be a reason.
How can a minor child make an Inheritance Act claim?
Looking at Ubbi v Ubbi and the Ogden table above, these are our expert lawyers top tips for IPFADA for minor children.
- A minor child applicant will require a litigation friend to conduct the claim and instruct a Solicitor. This is usually a parent or guardian.
- A minor child will usually have strong prospects of meeting the threshold for reasonable provision under IPFADA.
- Ensure that your Will is kept up to date to avoid disappointed children and costly litigation.
Find out more
For further advice and guidance on claiming under the Inheritance (Provision for Family and Dependants) Act 1975 please contact our team of expert lawyers.